sciatica muscle spasm

Sciatica Muscle Spasm Causes

Sciatica is a condition characterized by pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve, which extends from the lower back through the hips and buttocks and down each leg. This discomfort, often felt on one side of the body, is typically caused by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, due to factors like a herniated disc or spinal stenosis. Sciatica can lead to muscle spasms for several reasons, primarily related to the body’s protective response and the nature of nerve irritation. Here a 5 sciatica muscle spasm causes.

Protective Muscle Response

When the sciatic nerve is irritated or compressed, it can cause pain and discomfort. In response to this pain, the muscles surrounding the lower back and leg may involuntarily contract in a protective effort to stabilize the area and minimize movement that could exacerbate the pain. This reflexive action can result in muscle spasms.

Nerve Irritation

Sciatica involves irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. This irritation can disrupt normal nerve signals, leading to muscle cramps or spasms. The muscles may behave erratically due to the abnormal nerve signals they are receiving.


Sciatica often involves inflammation around the sciatic nerve. This inflammation can affect nearby muscles, leading to spasms as the body attempts to protect and heal the inflamed area.

Compensatory Mechanisms

When experiencing sciatic pain, individuals often change their posture or way of walking to avoid pain or discomfort. These compensatory movements can lead to muscle overuse or imbalance, potentially triggering spasms in the back, hip, or leg muscles.

Physical Stress and Tension

The pain and discomfort from sciatica can lead to increased physical stress and tension in the body. This can manifest as muscle tightness or spasms, especially in the lower back and leg areas affected by the sciatic nerve.

The Nerve & Disc Institute’s Answer

Getting a muscle spasm is only one of many sciatica symptoms. You do not need any kind of chiropractic adjustment, injections, or surgery to fix this issue. Your body is capable of repairing sciatica with the help of The Nerve & Disc Institute’s™ IntraDiscNutrosis® treatment program. Reach out to us today to determine your eligibility for our exclusive treatment program.